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OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report

The Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top Ten 2021 Report helps keep your web application secure against the latest threats.

  • Since the first edition in 2003, the list of top ten application security risks reflect industry trends, web technologies, and threat landscape.
  • Thanks to the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report, you can identify the common weaknesses, which can be present in your web application, exploited by malicious attackers.
  • Developers and technical staff can prioritize, understand, and fix security issues because the report provides essential information, such as HTTP request and response, to them.

For further information about the OWASP Top Ten 2021, see What the OWASP Top 10 2021 categories mean for OWASP compliance.

This topic describes the different sections of the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report. It also explains how to generate and download the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Netsparker Enterprise and Netsparker Standard.

There can be other vulnerabilities and security issues found in your web applications but not listed in the OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report. For the comprehensive security report, generate the Detailed Scan Report.
Click to view a sample OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report.

For further information, see Overview of Reports, Report Templates, and Built-In Reports.

OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report sections

There are four sections in the OWASP Top 10 2021 Report:

  • Scan Metadata
  • Vulnerabilities
  • Vulnerability Names and Details
  • Show/Hide Scan Details

Scan metadata

This section provides details on the following items:

  • Scan Target
  • Scan Time
  • Scan Duration
  • Description
  • Total Requests
  • Average Speed
  • Tags
  • Risk Level

For further information, see Progress, and Scan Duration and Speed.

Vulnerabilities 

This provides a numerical and graphical overview of:

  • Numbers                        The numbers of issues detected at various Vulnerability Severity Levels
  • Identified Vulnerabilities        The total number of detected vulnerabilities
  • Confirmed Vulnerabilities        The total number of vulnerabilities that Netsparker verified by taking extra steps such as extracting some data from the target

Vulnerability names and details

This section describes all identified issues and vulnerabilities, along with their Impact and Proof of Exploit. It also explains what Actions to Take and a Remedy for each one, including External References for more information.

This table lists and explains the headings in the Vulnerability Names and Details section.

Headings

Description

Name

This is the name of the identified issue.

Tag

This is the label to group, organize, and filter issues in the target web application.

Proof of Exploit

This is a piece of evidence supplied to prove that the vulnerability exists, showing information that is extracted from the target using the vulnerability.

For further information, see Benefits of Proof-Based Scanning™ Technology.

Vulnerability Details

This displays further details about the vulnerability.

Certainty Value

This indicates how much Netsparker is sure about the identified issue.

Impact

This shows the effect of the issue or vulnerability on the Target URL.

Required Skills for Successful Exploitation

This gives details on how malicious hackers could exploit this issue.

Actions to Take

These are the immediate steps you can take to decrease the impact or prevent exploitation.

Remedy

This offers further steps to resolve the identified issue.

External references

This provides links to other websites where you can find more information.

Classification

OWASP 2021: This provides further information about this vulnerability according to the 2021 Edition of the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) Top 10 list.

CVSS 3.0: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.0 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.

CVSS 3.1: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.1 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.

Remedy References

This provides further information on the solution for identified issues.

Proof of Concept Notes

These notes demonstrate in principle how a system may be compromised.

Request

This is the whole HTTP request that Netsparker sent in order to detect the issue.

Response

This is the reply from the system against the payload.

Show/Hide scan details

This section provides some profile and policy settings that Netsparker uses to adjust its scanning to reach more coverage. For example, it lists all enabled security checks.

It provides information on your preference in selecting this scan so that developers have more details on how this scan was run.

For further information, see Security Checks.

How to generate an OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Netsparker Enterprise
  1. Log in to Netsparker Enterprise.
  2. From the main menu, select Scans > Recent Scans.
  3. Next to the relevant scan, select Report.
  4. On the Scan Summary page, select Export.

  1. From the Report drop-down, select OWASP Top Ten 2021.
  2. From the Format drop-down, select an option.
  3. If required, select one of the following to configure your report:
    • Exclude Addressed Issues excludes those issues on which you've already taken action. (All Information level findings are marked as Accepted Risk automatically by default. To change this behavior, see Do not mark Information issues as accepted risks in General Settings).
    • Export Confirmed includes only those issues that are confirmed.
    • Export Unconfirmed includes only those issues that are unconfirmed.
  1. Select Export.

You can view the report in the Save location.

How to generate an OWASP Top Ten 2021 Report in Netsparker Standard
  1. Open Netsparker Standard.
  2. From the ribbon, select the File tab. Local Scans are displayed. Double-click the relevant scan to display its results.
  3. From the Reporting tab, click the OWASP Top Ten 2021 ReportThe Save Report As dialog box is displayed.

  1. Select a save location, then Save.
  2. The Export Report dialog is also displayed at this point, with the Path field already populated from the previous dialog.

  1. From this dialog, you can decide on:
  • Policy: Select the default report policy or customized report policy (see Custom Report Policies)
  • Format: Select HTML and/or PDF format                 
  • Vulnerability Options: Select all or any options below:
    • Export Confirmed: When selected, the report will include confirmed vulnerabilities.
    • Export Unconfirmed: When selected, the report will also include unconfirmed vulnerabilities.
    • Export All Variations: Variations mean that if Netsparker identified some passive or information level issues in more than one page, it does not show all these variations. However, users can change this by enabling or disabling this option.
  • Header and Footer:
    • Enter relevant information that will appear in the header and footer section of the report.
  • Open Generated Report: When selected, your report(s) is generated when you select Save.
  1. Select Save.

You can view the report in the Save location.

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