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NIST SP 800-53 Compliance Report

Netsparker reports issues in a target web application that infringes the information security standard established by the National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-53 (NIST SP 800-53).

  • NIST SP 800-53 develops information security standards and guidelines for federal information systems and organizations. Anyone that does business with the US federal agencies is also required to follow this guideline.
  • It is recommended for enterprises to adhere to the NIST's standard to manage information security. Nevertheless, NIST SP 800-53 does not cover the country's national security.  
  • The aim of the NIST SP 800-53 is to protect organizational operations and assets, individuals, and other organizations from hostile attacks, natural disasters, and human errors.
Click to view a sample NIST SP 800-53 Report.

For further information, see Overview of Reports, Report Templates, and Built-In Reports.

This topic explains how to generate NIST SP 800-53 Report.

NIST SP 800-53 Compliance Report Sections

There are five sections in the NIST SP-800 53 Compliance Report:

  • Scan Metadata
  • Vulnerabilities
  • Vulnerability Summary
  • Vulnerability Names and Details
  • Show Scan Details

Each is explained below.

Scan Metadata

This section provides details on the following items:

  • Scan Target
  • Scan Time
  • Scan Duration
  • Description
  • Total Requests
  • Average Speed
  • Risk Level

For further information, see Progress, and Scan Duration and Speed.

Vulnerabilities

This provides a numerical and graphical overview of:

  • Numbers                        The numbers of issues detected at various Vulnerability Severity Levels
  • Identified Vulnerabilities        The total number of detected vulnerabilities
  • Confirmed Vulnerabilities        The total number of vulnerabilities that Netsparker verified by taking extra steps such as extracting some data from the target

NIST SP Report

Vulnerability Names and Details

This section describes all identified issues and vulnerabilities, along with their Impact and Proof of Exploit. It also explains what Actions to Take and a Remedy for each one, including External References for more information.

Example of Vulnerability

This table lists and explains the headings in the Vulnerability Names and Details section.

Headings

Description

Name

This is the name of the identified issue.

Proof of Exploit

This is a piece of evidence supplied to prove that the vulnerability exists, showing information that is extracted from the target using the vulnerability.

Proof of Exploit

For further information, see Benefits of Proof-Based Scanning™ Technology.

Vulnerability Details

This displays further details about the vulnerability.

Certainty Value

This indicates how much Netsparker is sure about the identified issue.

Impact

This shows the effect of the issue or vulnerability on the Target URL.

Required Skills for Successful Exploitation

This gives details on how malicious hackers could exploit this issue.

Actions to Take

These are the immediate steps you can take to decrease the impact or prevent exploitation.

Actions to Take

Remedy

This offers further steps to resolve the identified issue.

External references

This provides links to other websites where you can find more information.

Classification

NIST SP 800-53: This provides further information about this vulnerability according to the National Institute of Standards and Technology Special Publication 800-53 (NIST SP 800-53).

CVSS 3.0: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.0 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.

CVSS 3.1: This shows the severity score of vulnerability based on the 3.1 edition of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System.

Remedy References

This provides further information on the solution for identified issues.

Proof of Concept Notes

These notes demonstrate in principle how a system may be compromised.

Proof of Concept Notes

Request

This is the whole HTTP request that Netsparker sent in order to detect the issue.

Response

This is the reply from the system against the payload.

Show/Hide Scan Details

This section provides some profile and policy settings that Netsparker uses to adjust its scanning to achieve a better scan coverage. For example, it lists all enabled security checks.

Security Checks

It provides information on your preference in selecting this scan so that developers have more details on how the scan was run.

For further information, see Security Checks.

How to Generate a NIST SP 800-53 Compliance Report in Netsparker Standard
  1. Open Netsparker Standard.

Netsparker Standard Reporting Ribbon

  1. From the ribbon, select the File tab. Local Scans are displayed. Double-click the relevant scan to display its results.
  2. From the Reporting tab, click NIST SP 800-53 Compliance Report. The Save Report As dialog box is displayed.
  3. Select a save location and click Save.
  4. The Export Report dialog is also displayed at this point, with the Path field already populated from the previous dialog.

Netsparker Standard Exporting Report

  1. From the Export Report dialog, you can decide on:
  • Policy: Select the default report policy or customized report policy (see Custom Report Policies).
  • Format: Select HTML and/or PDF format.                 
  • Vulnerability Options (select one or all):
      • Export Confirmed: When selected, the report will include confirmed vulnerabilities.
      • Export Unconfirmed: When selected, the report will also include unconfirmed vulnerabilities.
      • Export All Variations: Variations mean that if Netsparker identified some passive or Information level issues in more than one page, it does not show all these variations. However, users can change this by enabling or disabling this option.
  • Header and Footer:
      • Enter relevant information that will appear in the header and footer section of the report.
  • Open Generated Report: When selected, your report(s) will be shown when you click Save.        
  1. Click Save.
The HTML Report format is interactive thanks to the Severity Filter. For example, if you prefer not to see Best Practice or Information details, you can deselect them. When you click on the plus sign under Vulnerabilities, you can access more information on the issue. Also, you can Hide or Show Remediation.

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